Clinical Laboratory Sciences Syllabi


Syllabus for CLLS 3231
Urinalysis and Body Fluids
Instructor:Eddie Salazar, Ph.D., MLS(ASCP)cm
Contact Information:Office: SHP 4.450
Phone: (409) 772-3044
Course Description:The course has two major components. The first component covers the theoretical and applied concepts related to the evaluation of the urine formation including chemical, physical, and microscopic properties. This will include both those characteristics, which are normal, and those that reflect abnormality or disease. This component will include discussion of disease states resulting in the formation of abnormal urine.

The second component cover the theoretical and applied concepts related to the evaluation of body fluids including their formation in both health and disease. The information covered will include those chemical, physical, and cellular components, which are normal as well as those, which are indicative of disease. A discussion of the disease states resulting in the formation of abnormal body fluids will be included.

Course Objectives:The student will be given the opportunity to:
  1. Explain the normal formation of urine, including those portions of the kidney significant to the filtration and resorption of fluids and chemicals.
  2. Correlate normal & pathological states associated with the various chemicals, physical and microscopic findings.
  3. Describe the chemical reactions of the various sections of the dipstick including an explanation of the reactions that occur in normal & pathologic states.
  4. Determine the appropriate confirmatory test to be performed subsequent to abnormal findings on the dipstick.
  5. Correlate normal & abnormal microscopic with findings on the dipstick results.
  6. Correlate normal & abnormal microscopic findings with the absence or presence of normal & pathologic states.
  7. Perform the appropriate use & maintenance of the microscope including care of the oculars, objectives, and condensers.
  8. Perform the appropriate use, standardization, & maintenance of the refractometer.
  9. Utilize and store the dipsticks appropriately.
  10. Describe the appropriate methods for collection of urine specimens.
  11. Compare & contrast the sensitivity and specificity of the respective screening and confirmatory methods for chemical testing of the urine, including sources of false positive as well as false negative reactions.
  12. Describe the appropriate formation of body fluids.
  13. Describe the appropriate technique for collection of the respective body fluids.
  14. Determine the appropriate tests to be performed on the various body fluids.
  15. Correlate normal & abnormal microscopic and chemical findings in the various body fluids.
  16. Correctly perform the appropriate microscopic and chemical testing on the respective body fluids.
Course Process:Lectures covering the principles utilized in urinalysis and body fluid testing to differentiate between normal & abnormal physiologic states. Supplemental instructional aids will include handouts prepared by the faculty, 35mm slides, and materials on CD's.
Grades are determined as follows:
Two Lecture exams200 points each
Two Lab exams200 points each
Comprehensive Lecture Final300 points
Comprehensive Lab Final300 points
Case Studies50 points total
Total Possible1450 points

NOTE: Lecture exams will be predominately in a multiple-choice format where there may be any number of correct responses. These will include recall, analysis, and problem solving questions, including the choice of the next appropriate course of action.

Laboratory exams will include the testing of samples, interpretation of results, and determination of the next appropriate course of action.

Case studies will be given to the students in advance. They may be assigned to the students in groups or singly. The students are expected to prepare and present the history, findings, interpretation, and explanation of responses to specific questions in a manner consistent with an in-service presentation. Hard copies will be submitted for purposes of grading as well as posting for review by other students.

Lab results for each lab should be evaluated by the faculty prior to discarding of the samples for that day. Should there be a significant difficulty in the class's performance of this task, the faculty reserves the right to require that these reports be submitted for grading.

The case studies are intended to assist the student in correlating and consolidating the information being covered in the respective units within the course. Should there be indication that this is not sufficient to assist the students in keeping pace with their readings and studies, the faculty reserves the right to give short quizzes.

Independent Work:During the routine laboratories, the students may consult with other students, texts, and procedural materials. During any form of examination, the student will be expected to work independently. This means that the student will neither seek nor give assistance to another student, will not use any notes, procedures, notes, or any other form of information other than that which exists within their respective little gray cells.
Attendance:There may arise occasions when due to illness or other personal matters, a student may be unable to attend an examination. The student is expected to inform the faculty as soon as possible. Make-ups will be arranged for excused absences only. The faculty reserves the right to determine what is a reasonable excuse & verification of cause for an absence may be required. Absences other than documented illness will mean that 20 points will be deducted from the total points on that examination grade.

While attendance is not mandatory, all students should keep in mind that it would be difficult to recommend that funds be expended on a tutor for a student who simply elects not to attend class.

Laboratory Policies:Students will be expected to conduct themselves in a manner consistent with laboratory safety and expeditious performance of laboratory work. Students will be expected to maintain all equipment & return it to its storage place in good form prior to leaving class. Students will utilize all reagents in an appropriate manner & will avoid excessive use of reagents. The students work area will be cleaned prior to leaving each lab session. All materials used will be returned to their appropriate place.
Required Course Materials:Brunzel's Fundamentals of Urine and Body Fluid Analysis


General Policies of the School of Health Professions

Academic Progress:Information regarding the Student's academic progress in this course will be shared with their Academic Advisor and/or Department Chair. Student's making unsatisfactory progress will be referred to the Office of Student Affairs for assistance.
Academic Integrity:Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, cheating, plagiarism, collusion, the submission for credit of any work or materials that are attributable in whole or in part to another person, taking an examination for another person, and any act designed to give unfair advantage to a student or the attempt to commit such an act. Procedures to be followed in the event of alleged academic dishonesty are described in the Rules and Regulations of the Board of Regents of The University of Texas System, and the SAHS Student Handbook. Alleged academic dishonesty issues should be reported to the Student Affairs Officer.
Professional Behavior:As a part of a professional program, you are expected to conduct yourselves in a manner consistent with the level of trust and responsibility that will be placed on you when you are part of a health care team. You are expected to be honest in your dealings with your instructor and your peers. You are also expected to be able to follow instructions, to act with the utmost integrity, to follow safety protocols while in laboratory, to perform laboratory work with care, and to act in accordance with those standards characteristic of those we call "professionals."
Behavior during examinations, written and practical, will be monitored. Inappropriate behavior may result in pursuance of disciplinary action.
University Statement on Equality, Tolerance, and Affirmative Action:Please indicate by the end of the second week of the semester if you will need accommodations under the Americans with Disabilities Act (Public Law 101-336). If the need for ADA accommodations should arise during the semester you will need to make your request within one week of returning to classes. You may contact your Instructor or the Office of Student Affairs.
Course Evaluation:Students will be given the opportunity to evaluate the instructor and course near the end of the course/semester. When submitting course evaluations students must follow the guidelines provided by the course instructor or the department.
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