OTD Essential Functions
According to Students with Disabilities: An Institutional Policy (1997, p. 8), all candidates for degrees at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston must be able to perform the following essential functions with or without reasonable accommodations:
- Observation (to include the various sensory modalities) - accurately observe close at hand and at a distance to gather data and learn skills.
- Communication - communicate effectively and efficiently; process and comprehend written material.
- Psychomotor Skills - execute the various tasks and physical maneuvers that are required within each program.
- Intellectual and Cognitive Abilities - measure, calculate, reason, analyze, synthesize, integrate, remember and apply information; comprehend three-dimensional relationships; and understand the spatial relationships of structures. Creative problem-solving and clinical reasoning require all of these intellectual abilities.
- Professional and Social Attributes - exercise good judgment and promptly complete all responsibilities required of each program; develop mature, sensitive, and effective professional relationships with others; tolerate taxing workloads; function effectively under stress; adapt to changing environments; display flexibility; and function in the face of uncertainties and ambiguities. Concern for others, interpersonal competence and motivation are requisite for all programs.
- Ethical Standards - demonstrate professional attitudes and behaviors; perform in an ethical manner in dealings with others. All programs require personal integrity and the adherence to standards that reflect the values and functions of the profession. Many programs also require the honoring of codes of ethics.
In addition, students in the Occupational Therapy Program will need to perform the following essential cognitive, affective, and psychomotor functions, with or without reasonable accommodations:
- Process, retain, and integrate information from the following types of sources: Written delivery by instructor(s) or student(s); blackboard data and diagrams; printed materials (handouts, journals, manuals, books, medical records, computer); film and video segments; audio recordings; evaluation and treatment tools; and therapeutic activities.
- Complete coursework that may require: individual, partnered, or group efforts; following written or oral instructions; recording personal opinions, knowledge, or ratings; verbalizing personal thoughts, feelings, and opinions; instructing others; presenting oral reports; facilitating group discussions; and managing time effectively.
- Take and pass scheduled quizzes and exams in a variety of formats.
- Interact with others in a professional manner as defined in the Student Responsibilities and Professional Development Process.
- Perform in an ethical manner as described in the American Occupational Therapy Association Code of Ethics and Ethics Standards and the UTMB's Professionalism Charter.
During the post-professional doctorate of occupational therapy program, the student will be required to attend two on-site learning experiences at the Galveston, Texas, campus. During the program, the student will demonstrate the ability to perform the following essential functions required of clinical practitioners, with or without reasonable accommodations:
- Evaluate an individual's performance in areas of occupation (basic activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, rest and sleep, education, work, play, leisure, and social participation). Evaluate performance skills (sensory perceptual skills, motor and praxis skills, emotional regulation skills, cognitive skills, and communication and social skills). Evaluate factors specific to individuals in concert with the context and environment in which they live, the daily habits, roles and routines they adopt, and the demands of activities they want to or need to do.
- Collaborate with an individual in formulating a plan of treatment based on evaluative data that will prevent, treat, or compensate for occupational performance problems.
- Implement individual and group intervention(s) with individuals of various ages and from divergent cultural or socioeconomic backgrounds.
- Document the practice process in a variety of formats.
- Function competently as part of a collaborative team.
- Function with competence and compassion in a variety of practice arenas.
- Contribute to effective and ethical management practices.
- Contribute to the profession's continued growth through research and professional activities.